Peacekeeping as Military Diplomacy: The Case of Pakistan’s Peacekeeping Missions

Conflict resolution, mediation and bilateral – multilateral negotiation is traditionally associated with the conventional and traditional diplomacy or public diplomacy. Modern evolution of international relations has not only perfected the art of diplomacy, but also cultivated crops of career diplomats, whose praxis of the subject matter makes them the flagbearers of national integrity and representatives…

Unravelling the Contextual Realities in Post-Conflict North Waziristan

In view of the ascending complexity in post-conflict literature and practices, the issues ‎specifically pertaining to post-conflict security reconstruction, development, and political economy become highly complicated. ‎With regards, a research project was carried out (during 2019-2021) by the Centre for International Peace and Stability (CIPS) with the collaboration of Hanns Seidel Foundation (HSF) Islamabad. The…

How Balance of Power Shapes the World

The twin concepts and mechanisms of the balance of power and power maximization act as key global geopolitical drivers in the current international system. What these concepts mean in the simplest terms is this: the anarchic nature of the international system compels states to act as relentless power acquisition entities in order to ensure their…